Conners’ Continuous Performance Test 是一款注意力測試軟體，他被廣泛應用在 ADHD 的研究和臨床評估為 8 歲或以上的受訪者。CPT 的反應模組提供資料，讓醫生可以更好的理解赤字的類型。舉例來說，有些反應模組建議不專注或衝動，而其他的反應模組可能表明激活/激發的問題和困難以保持警覺性。
CPT 的潛在使用者包括心理學家、社會工作者、醫生、輔導員、精神科工作者、兒科護士、教師和學校的官員。合適的CPT 設置包括學校、門診、住院治療、住院戒毒中心、兒童保護服務既安置和轉診的決定、特殊教育和正規課堂、青少年拘留中心、私人執業辦事處（心理，精神治療，兒科及家庭醫學）。該程式是常用的篩檢工具，用來確定潛在的問題，並作為一種輔助治療效果的監測。
- CPT可以幫助確定在治療鐘改變藥物造成病情改善或是惡化。除此之外，如果仔細繪製CPT 評分表，可以檢測不同的藥物劑量通常可以有助於確定最佳劑量水平。
- 多式聯運綜合報告結合 CPT 康納斯的評級尺度的結果。
- 啟用金鑰的 USB 快閃記憶體驅動器。
- 與 Windows 8 相容。
Conners’Continuous Performance Test (CPT)是注意力測試，廣泛用於小兒多動症的研究和臨床評估受訪者為 8 歲或以上的老人。靜力觸探反應模式提供資訊，使該醫生更好地理解的赤字可能存在的類型。例如，一些反應模式建議 inattentiveness 或衝動，而其他回應模式可能表示啟動/喚醒問題或困難保持警覺。
Like previous versions of the Conners’ CPT test, the CPT employs the unique Conners’ paradigm that has been based on extensive research and theory. The theoretical background and development of the instrument is provided in the CPT Technical Guide and Software Manual.
The standard protocol of the CPT test uses a short practice exercise prior to the administration of the full test to ensure that the respondent fully understands the task prior to proceeding. After the practice exercise, a new administration is begun and it is a requirement of the standard protocol that an administrator remains present while the administration is taking place. CPT respondents are required to press the space bar or click the mouse whenever any letter except the letter ‘X’ appears on the computer screen. The inter-stimulus intervals (ISIs) are 1, 2 and 4 seconds with a display time of 250 milliseconds. The unique CPT paradigm is a test structure consisting of 6 blocks and 3 sub-blocks, each containing 20 trials (letter presentations). The presentation order of the different ISIs varies between blocks.
The following types of measures are provided by the CPT II program: Response Times - Overall Hit Reaction Time (HRT), Overall HRT Standard Error (SE), Variability, HRT by Block, HRT SE by Block, HRT by ISI, HRT SE by ISI (the program classifies a reaction time less than 100 ms as a perseveration); Errors (omissions and commissions); by Block results; by ISI results (the change in reaction time and in consistency); and Signal Detection Theory Statistics (Confidence Index that suggests closeness of the match to a clinical or non-clinical profile). Additional meaning, calculation methods and interpretive value of the measures are further described in the CPT Technical Guide and Software Manual. To facilitate the interpretation process, T-scores and percentiles are available relative to two normative groups; the general population (non-clinical sample) and an ADHD clinical sample. Scoring can be done immediately and automatically after a CPT administration.
Features that increase the flexibility of the program are included in this version. That is, you can enable the option to ‘Minimize False Positives’, which means that the program’s computations will focus on indicating potential attention problems only when results show extremely strong evidence. This scoring option can be very useful in some contexts, as it helps reduce unnecessary follow-up investigations. The option to ‘Minimize False Negatives’ is also available. When this option is enabled, the program is oriented to detect as many potential attention problems as possible. This option is also useful in some clinical contexts, but some respondents without attention problems may be flagged for follow-up investigation.
In addition, the results include a Confidence Index Adjustment – a timing verification to confirm the validity of the administration – and an individual administration warning if standard protocol has been compromised. The CPT program gives you a number of report options that include tables, graphs, and interpretive guidelines to organise the administration results.
The CPT for Windows® offers three types of reports to help organise test results. The Profile Report allows you to select the types of tables, text, and graphs to be included in a generated report for a single administration. One of the tables included in the report, the Overall table, contains all the measures used in the program, while other tables contain measures that pertain specifically to inattention, impulsivity, or vigilance. Other options are available, such as the General Population option, which includes a profile graph showing T-scores for each measure relative to the general population and to ADHD assessments, as well as tables of raw scores, T-scores, and percentiles relative to the general population norms. The Block Data option includes graphs and tables that show Hit RT and Hit RT SE T-scores by ISI collapsed and ISI expanded, for both the general population and ADHD population data.
The Progress Report allows you to select up to 4 administrations to be included in the report to easily monitor changes in a client’s CPT scores over the course of treatment. The Multimodal Integrated Report combines results from the CPT for Windows® program with selected administrations of up to three Conners’ Rating Scores – Revised (CRS-R) assessments (i.e. self, parent, and teacher), or from up to three Conners’ Adult ADHD Rating Scales (CAARS) assessments (i.e. self and observers), providing an informative overview of ADHD-related behaviour and functioning. Inclusion of multiple respondents (i.e. parent, teacher, or observer) will help to determine the degree of consensus and establish pervasiveness of behaviour across contexts in accordance with DSM-5 diagnostic criteria. For example, information obtained using the CRS-R or CAARS assessments can include evaluations of the client by family members, teachers or friends, providing insight on the client’s current behaviour, school behaviour, academic performance, emotional problems, and family histor.
Conners Kiddie Continuous Performance Test
Evaluate attention deficits in children ages 4 to 7
K-CPT 是針對幼兒、學齡前(4-7 歲)兒童所設計的注意力測驗。其建立在CPT的基礎上，並且測驗時間只有 CPT 的一半，這對於這個年齡組的兒童更合適。K-CPT使用的是圖片而不是文字，因此可以避免混淆，且兒童被要求作出反應。此外，顯示時間和刺激的間隔時間較長（物件在螢幕上顯示為500毫秒，以及有1.5和3.0秒的時間間隔），K-CPT在短短7.5分鐘就可以完成。測試產生的資訊及提供的選項與CPT 是相同的。它提供了單一報告以及多種報告，讓您比較同一個孩子測試的結果。基本數據是基於454位4歲~5歲的兒童樣本。其中，314位被歸類為非多動症，100位被歸類為多動症，而40人未歸類。
- 訊號檢測理論統計（Signal Detection Theory Statistics）
- 換算漏授（omission error）
- 誤授（commission error）
Conners Continuous Auditory Test of Attention®
The Conners Continuous Auditory Test of Attention® (Conners CATA®) assesses auditory processing and attention-related problems in individuals aged 8 years and older. By indexing the respondent’s performance in areas of inattentiveness, impulsivity, and sustained attention, the Conners CATA can be used to evaluate attention disorders and neurological functioning.
- A comprehensive evaluation with the introduction of an auditory attention test and used alongside the Conners CPT.
- Easy interpretation with new reports offering clear visuals and summaries.
- Trusted results with the most representative CPT normative samples collected.
- Easy to understand clinical likelihood statements are based on T-scores and displayed as very high, high, moderate, or minimal.